The health of your gums may play an important role in your overall health and well-being. If you notice bright pink or red gums with puffiness or swelling, you probably are experiencing gum disease. Your gums may bleed when you brush or floss. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent serious infections from developing and may prevent tooth and bone loss.
When gingivitis is caught in the early stages, treatment is straightforward. The teeth are thoroughly cleaned. Special instruments are then used to clean away plaque buildup and tartar accumulations. You may need to use a specially formulated toothpaste and/or mouthwash to assist the healing process. Follow-up visits to the dentist will help monitor healing. In most instances, gingivitis clears up in a few weeks.
More severe gum disease usually requires more extensive treatment. The teeth and gums are cleaned thoroughly, and the roots of the teeth affected are scaled and planed. This process smooths the surface so the gums can heal and adhere back to the teeth again. When infection is present, antibiotics may be administered. They may be taken orally or placed between the gums and the teeth, depending on the severity of the infection. In some very advanced cases of periodontal disease, surgery is necessary to promote healing.
Symptoms and Causes of Periodontal Disease
Red, puffy or swollen gums are an indication of disease. The gums may also bleed when brushing or flossing and occasionally when you eat. There is also a noticeable accumulation of tartar on the teeth. This hard brownish-yellow substance pushes the gums away from the teeth, forming pockets where harmful bacteria produce toxins that damage the gums and can dissolve the bone.
There are several causes of gum disease. The most common is poor oral hygiene, but certain medicines and medical conditions can also cause gum issues. Females experiencing fluctuations in hormones are particularly vulnerable to gingivitis at certain times. Genetics play a role in some individuals, making them predisposed to gum disease.
If you notice symptoms of gingivitis or periodontal disease, contact Mint Dental for an evaluation. An examination and treatment will help prevent further damage and may prevent tooth loss.